Appendix II: Haplogroup Overview

Top three Key mtDNA and Y-DNA Haplogroups for select nations. In so doing, it clearly shows the palpable divide between the three main racial strains of Japheth, Ham and Shem. Conversely, it also highlights the familial nature of the three siblings with various crossover Haplogroups apparent; particularly between Ham and Shem. 

Japheth very much in contrast with his brothers and thus lending weight to their evolutionary link with whom the Bible names as the people of Day Six and who scientists unwittingly call Homo neanderthalensis. The stark isolation of the descendants of Canaan’s Haplogroups also lends weight to their original role as the first humans descended from Adam and Eve in the antediluvian age; from which all other ethnicities have sprung. Just not ‘out of Africa’ but rather from Noah and ‘off the Ark’ [refer Chapter I Noah and Chapter XXII Alpha & Omega].

The maternal Haplogroups are listed first and paternal listed second. There are a few where there is just one line and so to decipher, the dominant Y-DNA Haplogroup is in bold.

Generally, the principle Japheth or East Asian mt-DNA Haplogroups alphabetically are B, D and M plus the American Indian additional Haplogroups of A and C. Whereas, the Y-DNA Haplogroups include the main East Asian Haplogroups of C,D, K and O, plus the additional American Indian Haplogroup of Q.

Japheth

Tiras: Amerindians 

A C B 

Q C R1 

Haplogroup Q is widespread and found in Asia, the Americas, Europe and the Middle East. One of its sub-clades, group Q1a3a4 is exclusively associated with the Native Americans.

Madai: Turkic-Mongol peoples of Central Asia

Kazakhstan  

C K O 

Y-DNA Haplogroup C is found in Central Asia, South Asia, and East Asia. The C1 lineage is exclusively in Japan. Haplogroup C2 is found in New Guinea, Melanesia and Polynesia. The Haplogroup C3 lineage is thought to have originated in Southeast or Central Asians, spreading into northern Asia, the Americas and Central Europe. Haplogroup C4 is restricted among aboriginal Australians and is dominant in that population. Whereas Haplogroup C5 has a significant presence in India.

Turkmenistan

R1b J2

Haplogroup K is considered the ancestral Haplogroup for the major groups from L to P. Which includes the principle Asian Haplogroup O and the key European Haplogroups R1a and R1b. 

Uzbekistan

R1a J2 C

Kyrgyzstan

R1a C O

Gomer: Continental South East Asia 

Ashkenaz: Vietnam

B F M 

O Q C

Riphath & Diphath: Cambodia & Laos

O J2 C

Ararat: Myanmar

F C B

O D K

Minni: Thailand

O C D

Togarmah: North & South Korea

D M B

O C K

Javan: Archipelago South East Asia

Elishah: Malaysia & Singapore

M F B

O K C

Dodan: Philippines

O K C

Rodan: Polynesians & Micronesians

C O K 

Kitti: Indonesia

O K C

Tarshish: Japan

D M B

O D C 

Haplogroup D is present in Central Asia, Southeast Asia and Japan; with the highest frequencies in Tibet and Japan.

Magog, Tubal & Meshech: China 

O C K 

Lineage O represents nearly 60% of chromosomes in East Asia.

Ham

The key mt-DNA Haplogroups for the Hamitic and equatorial peoples of the world are L and M. The main Y-DNA Haplogroups for the same peoples are A, B, E, H, J, R1a and R1b.

Canaan: Sub-Saharan Africans

L0 L1 L2

E B A 

Y-DNA haplogroup A represents the oldest branch of the Y-chromosome phylogeny and with Haplogroup B, only appears in Africa. Haplogroup E is one of the most branched, comprising many sub-Haplogroups. E1b1b has a wide geographic distribution and is present in Western Europe, North Africa and the Near East. 

Cush: South Asia 

Havilah: Bangladesh

M U R

H R1a J

Sabtah: Nepal

R1a C H 

Sabteca: Jammu & Kashmir

R1a L H 

Seba: Sri Lanka

M U R

R1a L H 

Raamah: India 

M U R

R1a H L 

Haplogroup R1a is found in Central and Western Asia, India and throughout the Slavic populations of Eastern Europe.

Sheba: Northern India

R1a H R2

Dedan: Dravidians of Southern India

H R1a J 

Haplogroup H is not as well studied or documented as some, though it is specific to the Indian sub-Continent.

South East Asian Negritos and Pacific Melanesians

C M K 

The highest frequencies of Y-DNA Haplogroup M are found in Melanesia and restricted to the geographical distribution of Papuan languages.

Sukki: Afghanistan

R1a Q L

Phut: Pakistan

R1a J L 

Haplogroup L is found predominantly in India and Pakistan and also in the Middle East and occasionally in Europe and mainly in Mediterranean countries.

Mizra: Arabs

J1 J2 E1b1b

Pathros: Egypt

L H J

E1b1b J1 J2

Casluh & Caphtor: Hispanic-Latinos of Spanish Central & South America

Mexico 

R1b Q J

Argentina 

R1b J E1b1b

Shem

The principle mt-DNA Haplogroups of Shem and the Europeans are H, T and U. The key Y-DNA Haplogroups for the West Eurasians are I1, I2a1, R1a and R1b

Lud: Iran 

H J U 

J R1a G

Elam: Turkey 

H J U

J R1b E1b1b

Asshur: Russia

H U5 J

R1a N I2a1

Aram –

Hul: Portugal

H J U5

R1b E1b1b J2

Mash: Brazil

H U T

R1b E1b1b J

Gether: Spain

H U5 HV0+V

R1b J2 E1b1b

Uz: Southern Italy & Sicily

H J K

R1b J2 E1b1b 

Arphaxad: Europe 

Anar & Ashcol: Finland

H U5 W

N I1 R1a 

The Y-DNA Haplogroup N has a wide distribution in northern Eurasia; stretching right across from Scandinavia to North and South Korea.

Joktan: Eastern Europe

Ophir: Ukraine

H U5 T2

R1a I2a1 R1b

Havilah: Poland

H U5 J

R1a R1b I1

Sheba: Romania

H J K

I2a1 R1a R1b

Uzal: Greece

H J T2

J2 E1b1b R1b 

Peleg: Western Europe

Nahor: Northern & Central Italy 

H T2 J

R1b J2 E1b1b 

Haran:  Switzerland 

H J T2

R1b I1 I2a1 

Haplogroup I is a clear definitive marker of a European Haplogroup and it is one of the most frequent Haplogroups among northwestern European populations in particular. 

Moab & Ammon: French

H K U5

R1b I1 E1b1b

Abraham & Keturah: Scandinavia & Benelux

Zimran: Norway

H U5 J 

R1b I1 R1a

Ishbak: Iceland

H J T2

R1b I1 R1a

Medan: Denmark

H J K

I1 R1b R1a

Shuah: Sweden

H U5 J

I1 R1b R1a 

Jokshan: Belgium

H K T2

Sheba: Flanders & the Flemish

R1b I1 E1b1b

Letush: Wallonia & the Walloons

R1b I1 R1a 

Asshur: Luxembourg

R1b J2 I2a2 

Midian: Dutch & Afrikaners

H T2 J

R1b I1 I2a2 

The extensive Haplogroup R is mainly represented by two major lineages: R1a and R1b. The members of R1b are the most common Y-DNA Haplogroup in Europe, with more than half of European men of belong to the different sub-clades of R1b.  

Ishmael & Hagar: Germany & Austria

H J U5

R1b R1a I1 

Esau: State of Israel, Jews

Sephardim

H HV0+V K

R1b J2 J1 

Ashkenazim

K H J

J2 E1b1b J1 

Jacob: British & Irish

Judah & Benjamin: England & Scotland

H J U5

R1b I1 R1a 

Simeon: Wales 

H J K

R1b I1 E1b1b 

Reuben: Northern Ireland 

R1b I2a2 I1

Gad: Ireland

H K J

R1b I1 I2a2 

Joseph –

Ephraim: United States of America, East, North & West

Half tribe of West Manasseh, the South

R1b E1b1b I1 

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